What started the Peloponnesian War?

Lorraine Eatherly asked, updated on April 15th, 2022; Topic: peloponnesian war
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The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

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Well, how many years did the Peloponnesian War last?

It became a 15-year conflict between Athens and Sparta and their allies. Peace was decreed by the signing of the Thirty Years Treaty in 445 B.C., effective until 437 B.C., when the Peloponnesian War began.

Therefore, when did the Peloponnesian War began? Peloponnesian War

Date431 – April 25, 404 BC
LocationMainland Greece, Asia Minor, Sicily
ResultPeloponnesian League victory Thirty Tyrants installed in Athens Spartan hegemony
Territorial changesDissolution of the Delian League; Spartan hegemony over Athens and its allies; Persia regains control over Ionia.

Just the same, who won Peloponnesian War?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.

What eventually happened to Sparta in 146 BC?

The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE.

27 Related Questions Answered

Why did Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta and her allies won the Peloponnesian Wars due to the strength of the Spartan military, poor Athenian choices made in battle, and the physical state of Athens by the end of the war. Athens and Sparta were both Greek city-states that played major roles from the beginning of time.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. ... The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens' morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

As you said, two reasons are commonly given. First, the rivalry between King Pausanias and the nauarch Lysander (with the defeat of Athens being mostly Lysander's doing, and his enemies aware that he was plotting to seize power in Sparta). Second, that of balance-of-power considerations.

Who did Sparta fight?

When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta's supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.

What happened after 10 years of fighting in the First Peloponnesian War?

The First Peloponnesian War ended in an arrangement between Sparta and Athens, which was ratified by the Thirty Years' Peace (winter of 446–445 BC). According to the provisions of this peace treaty, both sides maintained the main parts of their empires.

What is Sparta called today?

Laconia

Are there any Spartans left?

All the Spartans died, including King Leonidas. ... Given that the Spartans were so famous for their military, perhaps he might have known better. Ancient Sparta with its unique way of life is long gone. But today there is still a town called Sparta in Greece in the very same spot as the ancient city.

Did Sparta fight Athens?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. ... This eventually drew Sparta into the conflict.

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

The ancient historian Plutarch claimed these “ill-born” Spartan babies were tossed into a chasm at the foot of Mount Taygetus, but most historians now dismiss this as a myth. If a Spartan baby was judged to be unfit for its future duty as a soldier, it was most likely abandoned on a nearby hillside.

Who did the Spartans enslave?

the mothônes were young servants charged with domestic tasks for young Spartans during their education (Aristotle, I, 633c), they remained slaves on reaching adulthood; the mothakes were an independent freeborn group of helots.

What God did Sparta worship?

Sparta worshipped Ares and Artemis Orthia as their patron deities. The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia was one of the most important religious sites in Sparta.

How did Sparta beat Persia?

In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae. ... A local Greek told Xerxes about this other route and led the Persian army across it, enabling them to surround the Greeks.

How did Sparta make money?

Sparta's economy was based on farming and conquering other lands. Sparta took the land they needed from their neighbors and encouraged military power. ... In addition, Sparta used heavy iron bars rather than coins, which made trade difficult.

Did Sparta fight with Alexander the Great?

The Battle of Megalopolis was fought in 331 BC between Spartan led forces and Macedonia. Alexander's regent Antipater led the Macedonians to victory over King Agis III.

What made Athens so rich?

The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city's people. But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed.

Why is Sparta better than Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. ... This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.

What happened to Athens after they lost the war to Sparta?

After Sparta defeated Athens, they ended democracy and set up a new government ruled by the "Thirty Tyrants". This only lasted for one year, however, as the local Athenians overthrew the tyrants and restored democracy. The Greek soldiers were called hoplites.

Why didn't Sparta benefit from winning the war?

Why didn't Sparta benefit more from its victory in the Peloponnesian War? Sparta alienated the other Greek cities by trying to dominate them. ... The independent temper of Greek political life made unity impossible. Social and political crises occurred in many Greek city-states during the fourth century B.C.E.

Did the Spartans ever fight the Romans?

The Laconian War of 195 BC was fought between the Greek city-state of Sparta and a coalition composed of Rome, the Achaean League, Pergamum, Rhodes, and Macedon....War against Nabis.Date195 BC
LocationLaconia and Argolid
ResultVictory of the anti-Spartan coalition

What does Sparta mean?

1 : a native or inhabitant of ancient Sparta. 2 : a person of great courage and self-discipline. Spartan.

How much of 300 is true?

Based on the homonymous comic book by Frank Miller, the movie earned a huge fan base around the world. Like the comic book, the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event.

How did Sparta choose their kings?

Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). ... The elders were elected by the Assembly from among the oldest Spartan champions.

Where did the name Sparta come from?

Even the name Sparta is from a verb meaning "I sow" or "to sow." Although Sparta made efforts to consolidate its territory in Laconia, we also know that, at this early stage, the people of the city appear to have taken pride in their artistic skills.

Is Troy a real place?

Most historians now agree that ancient Troy was to be found at Hisarlik. Troy was real. ... There also survive inscriptions made by the Hittites, an ancient people based in central Turkey, describing a dispute over Troy, which they knew as 'Wilusa'.

Who won the Second Peloponnesian War?

Alcibiades convinced the Spartans to send a second fleet, and accompanied this smaller force of five ships in person. The Athenians won a second victory in this period, defeating a fleet of Peloponnesian ships coming back from Sicily off Leucadia.

Why did Spartan brides shave their heads?

Spartan women had a reputation for being independent-minded, and enjoyed more freedoms and power than their counterparts throughout ancient Greece. ... In preparation for marriage, Spartan women had their heads shaved; they kept their hair short after they wed.

How do Spartans speak?

Tsakonika is based on the Doric language spoken by the ancient Spartans and it is the only remaining dialect from the western Doric branch of Hellenic languages. ... Laconian was the Doric dialect spoken in the Spartan state of Laconia, and by the Middle Ages, it became known as Tsakonian or Tsakonika.