What damage does polio do to the body?

Percy Harwell asked, updated on January 30th, 2022; Topic: polio
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Polio is a viral disease which may affect the spinal cord causing muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person.

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Again, how quickly does polio affect the body?

Initial signs and symptoms of paralytic polio, such as fever and headache, often mimic those of nonparalytic polio. Within a week, however, other signs and symptoms appear, including: Loss of reflexes. Severe muscle aches or weakness.

Suitably, what caused polio? Polio is caused by 1 of 3 types of the poliovirus. It often spreads due to contact with infected feces. This often happens from poor handwashing. It can also happen from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Otherwise, what does polio do to your limbs?

Symptoms vary from mild flu-like symptoms to life-threatening paralysis. In less than 1% of cases, polio causes permanent paralysis of the arms, legs or breathing muscles. Between 5% and 10% of people who develop paralytic polio will die. Physical symptoms may emerge 15 years or more after the first polio infection.

What are long term effects of polio?

The most common long-term problems seen in polio are brace problems, knee recurvatum, increasing weakness due to overuse and ankle equinus. A definite increased incidence of problems is seen after the patient is more than 30 years post-polio.

23 Related Questions Answered

Do people still get polio?

Do people still get polio in the United States? No, thanks to a successful vaccination program, the United States has been polio-free for more than 30 years, but the disease still occurs in other parts of the world.

Does polio affect the heart?

patients with post-polio syndrome Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) can affect anyone at any time. They cause muscle weakness that can affect the heart, breathing, coughing, swallowing, speech, and limbs muscles, all of which cause disability and compromise the quality of life.

Who is most at risk of polio?

Pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems — such as those who are HIV-positive — and young children are the most susceptible to the poliovirus.

Can polio affect one leg?

Muscle and joint pain go along with PPS. One possibility of apparent scoliosis in your case is of a leg-length discrepancy (one leg longer than the other), which is exceedingly common in polio survivors. When one leg is longer than the other, it may lead to changes in the body to compensate.

How did they stop polio?

Prevention of disease spread is accomplished by vaccination. There are two kinds of polio vaccine—oral polio vaccine (OPV), which uses weakened poliovirus, and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which is injected.

How do you prevent polio?

Polio can be prevented with vaccine. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000. It is given by shot in the arm or leg, depending on the person's age. Oral polio vaccine (OPV) is used in other countries.

What are the 3 types of polio?

There are three wild types of poliovirus (WPV) – type 1, type 2, and type 3. People need to be protected against all three types of the virus in order to prevent polio disease and the polio vaccination is the best protection.

What famous person had polio?

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States. Not only did he serve an unprecedented four terms in office, but he was also the first president with a significant physical disability. FDR was diagnosed with infantile paralysis, better known as polio, in 1921, at the age of 39.

Does polio affect memory?

The more white spots, the more severe were polio survivors' fatigue, problems with memory, thinking clearly, staying awake, mind wandering, attention and concentration.

How many polio survivors are still alive?

The World Health Organization estimates that 10 to 20 million polio survivors are alive worldwide, and some estimates suggest that 4 to 8 million of them may get PPS.

Can a vaccinated person get polio?

Can the IPV vaccine cause polio? No, the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) cannot cause paralytic polio because it contains killed virus only.

What year did they stop giving polio vaccine?

IPV Immunization Schedule This is safe. The oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is a weakened live vaccine that is still used in many parts of the world, but hasn't been used in the United States since 2000.

What vaccines do we have for viruses?

List of Viral vaccines:Drug NameAvg. Rating
Shingrix (Pro) Generic name: zoster vaccine, inactivated5.2
Gardasil 9 (Pro) Generic name: human papillomavirus vaccine5.6
Fluzone High-Dose (Pro) Generic name: influenza virus vaccine, inactivated1.7
FluMist (Pro) Generic name: influenza virus vaccine, live, trivalent2.9

How is polio diagnosed?

How is polio diagnosed? A healthcare provider may diagnose polio by checking your stool or throat for poliovirus. He or she may also want to do a spinal tap (also called a lumbar puncture) to get a sample of your spinal fluid to examine.

How is polio treated today?

Polio Treatment A ventilator (a device that helps you breathe) Physical therapy that can help keep your muscles working. Bed rest and fluids for flu-like symptoms. Antispasmodic medications to relax muscles.

Is polio a lifelong disease?

Polio (or poliomyelitis) is a disease caused by poliovirus. It can cause lifelong paralysis (cannot move parts of the body), and it can be deadly.

How can I improve my polio legs?

“Physical therapy. Your doctor or therapist may prescribe exercises for you that strengthen your muscles without you experiencing muscle fatigue. These usually include less strenuous activities, such as swimming or water aerobics, that you perform every other day at a relaxed pace.

Does exercise help post polio syndrome?

Aerobic exercise is recommended for most individuals with Post Polio Syndrome except when there are complaints of overwhelming fatigue. It is important to find the best type of activity to safely achieve a cardiovascular benefit.

How do you treat polio in legs?

Treatment
  • Energy conservation. This involves pacing your physical activity and resting frequently to reduce fatigue. ...
  • Physical therapy. Your doctor or therapist may prescribe exercises for you that strengthen your muscles without fatiguing them. ...
  • Speech therapy. ...
  • Sleep apnea treatment. ...
  • Medications.
  • Do adults need polio booster shot?

    Routine poliovirus vaccination of U.S. adults (i.e., persons aged >18 years) is not necessary. Most adults do not need polio vaccine because they were already vaccinated as children and their risk of exposure to polioviruses in the United States is minimal.

    What countries still have polio 2021?

    Polio is still endemic in three countries, i.e., Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan and is eradicated from the rest of the world. Pakistan is considered as the exporter of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) with highest number of polio outbreaks among endemic countries.

    What is the mortality rate of polio?

    The case fatality ratio for paralytic polio is generally 2% to 5% among children and up to 15% to 30% among adolescents and adults. It increases to 25% to 75% with bulbar involvement.

    Can you overcome polio?

    There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, can protect a child for life.